It is believed that “Technology is the best when it brings people together” And now we have reached the 5th generation of technology with which it doesn’t take much time to fulfil any of our needs. More than the new generation of technology it’s going to be a new era of connectivity, where you may be able to download a full-length HD movie to your phone in a matter of seconds and video chats will be so immersive that it will feel like you can reach out and touch the other person right through the screen.
1. What is 5G technology, an evolution or a revolution?
It is a name given to the 5th generation wireless broadband technology based on IEEE 802.11 ac standards. But beyond that, it’s hard to define. The major factor of interest is that it is expected to perform 3 times faster than its predecessor 4G.It targets at improving its capacity and allowing unlimited data usage to the users. It can also enhance the quality of communication and provide high stream data browsing facility to the user. 5G networks will use a type of encoding called OFDM, which is similar to the encoding that LTE uses. The air interface will be designed for much lower latency and greater flexibility than LTE, though.
2. How is 5G different from a 4G network?
Speeds will be significantly faster when it comes to 5G. Currently, 4G LTE transfer speeds top out at about one gigabit per second. The problem is, people rarely experience 4G’s maximum download speed because the signal can be disrupted by so many different things: buildings, microwaves, other Wi-Fi signals. The list goes on and on.5G will increase download speeds up to 10 gigabits per second. That means a full HD movie can be downloaded in a matter of seconds. It will also reduce latency significantly (giving people faster load times). In short, it will give wireless broadband the capacity it needs to power thousands of connected devices that will reach our homes and workplaces.
3. How is 5G going to be a game changer?
Extend of facilities that 5G offers is way beyond our imagination. It’s believed that with an 800gbps network we could download almost 33 HD films in a second. It’s something, Day by day the number of people using the internet is increasing but 5G technology could manage this problem well since they run on different frequency bands and also currently we face the issue of network cut down at certain times, this can come to an end with the arrival of 5G networks. Apart from these facilities it’s going to bring many major changes in our day to day activities.
4. What are the requirements for implementing 5G technology?
There are some necessary conditions required for this technology which is a real challenge. Saving the 90% energy per service provided, providing an enormous capacity which is 1,000 times greater than which was provided in 2010, Highly reduced latency , Reliable and secure networks, etc. are some amongst them.
5. When can we use this high speed facility?
One main question that arises in every reader’s mind will be when is 5G going to be launched? Or when can we start using this facility? Reports say that by 2017 Megaphone and Huawei will develop their 5G network in Russia. 2018 world cup may also use this facility. However Indian markets will have to wait for around 7-8 years. We could expect their deployment in India only by 2023.
6. What is the impact of the IoT market on 5G?
The impact of the Internet of Things(IoT) market on 5G will be huge. Integration of connectivity such as low-power Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Smart onto the SoC is key to achieving lower power and low-cost devices for IoT. With 5G, we’ll most likely see several connectivity standards that will coexist, so solutions must address multiple standards and be designed for power efficiency.
7. What are the major challenges ahead?
Even though it offers high speed of data transfer some scientists still doubt about its practicality and also about maintaining this speed. There might arise numerous privacy issues and security problems which will have to be addressed. The cost of implementation of this would be really high and also some machines or devices won’t be able to support 5G (especially the old Wi-Fi routers).
Author: Adithi Nambiar